Acupuncture is effective in relieving pain because it has anesthetic properties. It relieves stiffness and pain by increasing circulation of Blood and Qi. It improves flexibility, mobility, reduces inflammation, and eliminates muscle spasms by increasing blood supply to tendons, ligaments and muscles. Musculoskeletal conditions are also linked to malnutrition which can be caused by mal-absorption of nutrients or simply an incomplete diet. Therefore herbal and nutritional therapy can also be effective, addressing the individual needs, depending upon the cause.
Moreover, acupuncture will re-align the body's biological elements, allowing the musculoskeletal system to repair itself. It regulates the conjunctive and mucous membranes (fluids in joints) and increases the production of cartilage and lubricating fluids, which improves arthritis and similar disorders. Acupuncture will not change the anatomical structure of an injury, i.e. broken bones cannot be treated by acupuncture and it will not replace the need for a joint replacement due to the extreme deterioration of bone. However, it will help to control pain and relieve symptoms, allowing the patient to have a better quality of life.